While we were working on developing Windows Server 2016 – we had a team dedicated to testing the many aspects of the performance of Windows. We rely heavily on this team to make sure that we are continuously improving our performance in many ways.
Well – they have recently created an amazing set of documentation on performance tuning Windows Server 2016.
You can read it all here:
Note that while there is lots of good Hyper-V information in this documentation, there is also information about many other Windows Server roles as well.